On Feb. 12, two Tesoro workers were injured in an acid leak at a refinery in Martinez, Calif. News accounts say that the workers were airlifted to the University of California, Davis, medical center, treated for first- and second-degree burns, and released.
The incident occurred mere weeks after the U.S. Chemical Safety & Hazard Investigation Board released a draft report on a 2010 fire at a Tesoro refinery in Anacortes, Wash., that killed seven workers. (For more on what’s going on with that draft report, see my colleague Jeff Johnson’s story, Regulatory Overhaul Stumbles.)
CSB investigators deployed to Martinez as well and made it onto the site initially. Then Tesoro barred the investigators from further access. “We’ve certainly faced our share of jurisdictional challenges, but I can’t think of another refinery or chemical plant that has taken a position that injuries aren’t serious enough for us to investigate and that we lack jurisdiction,” CSB managing director Daniel M. Horowitz told the Contra Costa Times.
Yesterday, CSB board members responded to Tesoro in writing, including some details of what the agency already learned about the incident:
We point out that our investigation team has determined already that approximately five gallons a minute was leaking until isolated. Acid splashing on worker’s unprotected faces or other parts of the body, resulting in first and second-degree burns requiring air evacuations to a hospital burn unit, treatment, and subsequent significant lost time at work, absolutely constitute serious injuries. …
Our draft report on the 2010 accident at Tesoro’s Anacortes refinery which killed seven workers on January 30, 2014, found a multitude of shortcomings in Tesoro’s plant safety culture. The CSB is interested in examining safety culture issues stemming from the February 12 incident, providing another legal ground for our inquiry.
At the Martinez facility, despite your counsel’s efforts to block our access, we have proceeded in our investigation and have determined that a mechanical integrity failure occurred on equipment connected to a 100,000 gallon process vessel containing flammable hydrocarbons and concentrated sulfuric acid, resulting in the sprayed acid, and that operators being sprayed by acid and caustic during routine sampling activities is a common occurrence.
We have also learned that protective equipment required by procedure for sampling was not provided for the workers at the time – operators did not have ready access to face shields and acid suit jackets at the Martinez facility.
Furthermore, some workers have made the assertion to us and to their union representatives that they have been fearful for their jobs at times when they wished to express safety concerns. We therefore seek further access and renewed cooperation with your company in order to determine all the facts.
Whatever happens with CSB, Tesoro certainly can’t bar the California Division of Occupational Safety & Health from the site. The Washington state Department of Labor & Industries cited Tesoro for 40 willful and five serious labor code violations and fined it $2.39 million for the Anacortes explosion.