#ChemCoach Carnival: From Big Pharma to Non-Profit

We’re almost at the end of National Chemistry week, folks, and the Haystack is finally kicking in to blogger SeeArrOh’s now rampant #ChemCoach carnival. The goal of any carnival is to get a lot of different bloggers to post on the same topic–in this case, to write about how they got to where they are today as a way of educating young chemists on their career options. Round-ups of the dozens of posts this week can be found here, here, and here. Since the science writing field has been well covered here and by our own Carmen Drahl, and because the Haystack is focused on all things pharma, I thought I’d enlist the help of someone with a much more illustrious career than my own. Without further ado, I give you some words of career wisdom from TB Alliance‘s chemistry guru Christopher Cooper: Your current job.   I’m Senior Director of Chemistry at the Global Alliance for TB Drug Development (TB Alliance), a non-profit, product development partnership headquartered in New York City.  My job encompasses all chemistry activities for the Alliance from early-, mid-, and late-stage drug discovery right through drug substance/API manufacturing for clinical trials.  The TB Alliance is dedicated to identifying safe, novel chemical entities for the rapid treatment of tuberculosis worldwide, and my job is to oversee the Alliance’s chemistry needs to achieve our goals (seewww.tballiance.org for more details). What you do in a standard “work day.”   Define “standard” … oh, and define “work day,” as well, please? All kidding aside, working for a small (~45 employees), entrepreneurial, research and development organization means that every day is truly different, whether it’s engaged in project team discussions with collaborators in Chicago and Belgium, or proposing new analogues/chemical series to pursue with chemists in Auckland or Seoul!  In fact, as we engage chemists (medicinal, process, manufacturing) on TB Alliance projects around the globe, my work “day” doesn’t really begin or end.  After all, if it’s 9:00 P.M. on the East Coast, it’s already 9:00 A.M. in Beijing!  Fortunately, the virtual nature of our business model translates into my own flexibility in addressing issues wherever and whenever they occur … and I don’t have to wash my glassware anymore (yey!). What kind of schooling / training / experience helped you get there?   In many ways, my background would appear fairly conventional, despite the more unconventional nature of my current position.  I received my B.S. from Clemson University in 1980, and my M.S. (1982) and Ph.D.’s (1988) from Stanford.  Having worked briefly in the pharmaceutical industry (CIBA-Geigy from 1982-1984), I was eager to return so I accepted a position...

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BMS Cuts R&D Jobs

The ax is falling on more pharma R&D jobs. Earlier today, Derek Lowe brought word from readers that research jobs were being cut at Bristol-Myers Squibb. The company just confirmed that “fewer than 100” positions were being eliminated in the U.S. Here’s the official word from BMS: “Bristol-Myers Squibb is strategically evolving the company’s Research focus to ensure the delivery of a sustainable, innovative drug pipeline in areas of serious unmet medical need and potential commercial growth. The Company is aligning and building internal capabilities to support the evolution of its Research focus. In doing so, certain research areas will be streamlined and there will be investment and growth in other areas. This strategic evolution has resulted in job eliminations in the short term to allow longer term investment. This initiative will result in a reduction in employee headcount of fewer than 100 people in an R&D organization of more than 7,000 employees. Impacted employees were notified on August 1, 2012 and transitions will take place within two weeks of this date.” The company will not confirm whether they are, as Derek’s sources suggest, in the metabolic disease area or limited to New Jersey. If indeed they are all coming out of its N.J. labs, today’s announcement will add to challenging times for the state.  As we wrote last month after Roche announced plans to shutter its Nutley site, costing some 1,000 jobs, the number of drug industry jobs in N.J. fell by 22.4% between 2007 to 2010, according to a report by Battelle and the Biotechnology Industry...

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AstraZeneca to Shed 2,200 R&D Jobs

AstraZeneca wielded a heavy ax to its workforce today as it prepares for tougher times ahead. The British-Swedish drugmaker is chopping 7,300 jobs, including 2,200 R&D positions, in hopes of achieving $1.6 billion in annual cost savings by 2014. This is the third round of major cutbacks at AstraZeneca. In 2010, the company announced plans to slash 8,000 jobs over four years, a move that added to the elimination of 15,000 jobs between 2007 and 2009. This specific round girds against an onslaught of generic competition for key products and accounts for several disappointments in the company’s late-stage pipeline. In the coming months, the company will lose patent protection in various markets for the anti-psychotic Seroquel IR, the anti-cholesterol drug Crestor, and the blood thinner Atacand. Meanwhile, AstraZeneca’s late-stage pipeline has faltered. The recent setbacks (adding to earlier ones) include ending development of the PARP inhibitor olaparib, which prompted it to take a $285 million charge; a failed Phase III trial for the antidepressant TC-5214; and a thumbs down from FDA last month for dapagliflozin, a Type II diabetes drug being developed with Bristol-Myers Squibb. R&D has taken a heavy hit in each round of cuts. During the Q&A session following AstraZeneca’s earnings presentation, one analyst said his back of the envelope calculations suggest the company will have shed 7,600 R&D jobs between 2006 and 2014. Based on comments by AstraZeneca’s R&D chief Martin Mackay, small molecule research has born the brunt of those cuts. He noted that headcount in biologics research has grown, and pointed out that biologics now account for 40% of the company’s early-stage pipeline (candidates in studies earlier than Phase II), up from 15-20% in recent years. The latest R&D revamp will be primarily focused on AstraZeneca’s neuroscience activities, where the risk of investment is seen as particularly high. “It’s a really tough area,” Mackay said.  “The industry hasn’t produced enough and we haven’t produced enough.” The challenge was highlighted in November, when TC-5214, an anti-depressant being developed by Targacept and AstraZeneca, failed to show benefit in a Phase III trial. The bad news came as a surprise, as TC-5214 had demonstrated strong efficacy in smaller trials. Three other Phase III trials are underway, but analysts are skeptical that the program can be salvaged. “Prospects appear grim,” Leerink Swann analyst Joshua Schimmer said in a note last month. AstraZeneca is creating a small team of 40 to 50 scientists that will work with external partners in academia and industry to discover and develop neuroscience drugs. The adoption of this new strategy means that the company’s Montreal R&D facility will be shuttered, and it will end R&D at its Södertälje site in Sweden....

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Genzyme R&D Layoffs Today

The other shoe has dropped at Genzyme, which last year was acquired by Sanofi, but had yet to experience the kind of major research restructuring that typically accompanies the integration of two pharma companies. Today, Genzyme scientists were told whether their job was being shed or moved. Here’s an excerpt from the official statement: As part of the integration process between Sanofi and Genzyme, R&D activities were reviewed and assessed. On January 31, 2012, the results of the review of U.S. R&D Genzyme activities were announced, including synergies that unfortunately make some positions redundant. All US R&D Genzyme employees impacted by the integration received notice regarding whether their position would be relocated or eliminated. The job cuts are separate from the latest round of R&D layoffs at Sanofi. As readers might recall, Sanofi announced last November that it was closing its Bridgewater R&D site, and move discovery and early development activities to Boston. A Sanofi spokesperson tells the Haystack that despite today’s cuts at Genzyme, the company is committed to its presence in Massachusetts, and to maintaining a stable level of jobs there. While R&D is falling under the axe, the company is hiring in manufacturing and multiple sclerosis, she says. The company has not provided details on how many R&D scientists will be shed, but once more information comes to light, we’ll update...

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Haystack 2011 Year-in-Review

Well, 2011 is in the books, and we here at The Haystack felt nostalgic for all the great chemistry coverage over this past year, both here and farther afield. Let’s hit the high points: 1. HCV Takes Off – New treatments for Hepatitis C have really gained momentum. An amazing race has broken out to bring orally available, non-interferon therapies to market. In October, we saw Roche acquire Anadys for setrobuvir, and then watched Pharmasset’s success with PSI-7977 prompt Gilead’s $11 billion November buyout.  And both these deals came hot on the heels of Merck and Vertex each garnering FDA approval for Victrelis and Incivek, respectively, late last spring. 2. Employment Outlook: Mixed – The Haystack brought bad employment tidings a few times in 2011, as Lisa reported. The “patent cliff” faced by blockbuster drugs, combined with relatively sparse pharma pipelines, had companies tightening their belts more than normal. Traffic also increased for Chemjobber Daily Pump Trap updates, which cover current job openings for chemists of all stripes. The highlight, though, might be his Layoff Project.  He collects oral histories from those who’ve lost their jobs over the past few years due to the pervasive recession and (slowly) recovering US economy.. The result is a touching, direct, and sometimes painful collection of stories from scientists trying to reconstruct their careers, enduring salary cuts, moves, and emotional battles just to get back to work. 3. For Cancer, Targeted Therapies – It’s also been quite a year for targeted cancer drugs. A small subset of myeloma patients (those with a rare mutation) gained hope from vemurafenib approval. This molecule, developed initially by Plexxikon and later by Roche / Daiichi Sankyo, represents the first success of fragment-based lead discovery, where a chunk of the core structure is built up into a drug with help from computer screening.From Ariad’s promising  ponatinib P2 data for chronic myeloid leukemia, to Novartis’s Afinitor working in combination with aromasin to combat resistant breast cancer. Lisa became ‘xcited for Xalkori, a protein-driven lung cancer therapeutic from Pfizer. Researchers at Stanford Medical School used GLUT1 inhibitors to starve renal carcinomas of precious glucose, Genentech pushed ahead MEK-P31K inhibitor combinations for resistant tumors, and Incyte’s new drug Jakifi (ruxolitinib), a Janus kinase inhibitor, gave hope to those suffering from the rare blood cancer myelofibrosis. 4. Sirtuins, and “Stuff I Won’t Work With  – Over at In the Pipeline, Derek continued to chase high-profile pharma stories. We wanted to especially mention his Sirtris / GSK coverage (we had touched on this issue in Dec 2010). He kept up with the “sirtuin saga” throughout 2011, from trouble with duplicating life extension in model organisms to the...

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Pfizer: No Sacred Cows in R&D

Just when we thought it was over, the cost-cutting at Pfizer continues. In tandem with this morning’s fourth-quarter earnings announcement, Pfizer said it was closing its R&D site in Sandwich, U.K., and paring back research in Groton, Conn., both sites that had survived earlier cutbacks relatively unscathed. Upwards of 3,500 jobs are at risk in the cutbacks. First some details, and then some thoughts on what the new Pfizer research might shape up as. The details: –The closure of the Sandwich site will impact 2,400 jobs, although Pfizer says as the shutdown happens over the next 18-24 months, it hopes to move a few hundred folks over to other sites or to external partners. –Some 25% of the 4,400 employees at Pfizer’s Groton and New London campuses will be shed. –Internal research will be focused on a few core areas:  neuroscience, cardiovascular, metabolic and endocrine, inflammation and immunology, oncology, and vaccines. –Pfizer is creating dedicated units focused on pain and sensory disorders, biosimilars, and Asia R&D. –Pfizer is exiting research in multiple areas: allergy and respiratory, located in Sandwich, U.K.; internal medicine, which includes some research in lung, kidney, and genital urinary diseases, also located in Sandwich; oligonucleotides and tissue repair, in Cambridge, Mass.; and antibacterials, situated in Groton. –Regenerative medicine research in Cambridge, Mass., is also being dumped. However, similar work in Cambridge, U.K., will be part of a new pain and sensory disorder research unit. –The R&D budget for 2012 will shrink. The company previously expected to spend $8-$8.5 billion on research next year; now, it will shell out nearly 20% less, or between $6.5 and $7 billion. Remember back to 2008 and 2009, when R&D spending topped $10 billion? –Pfizer will establish external relationships for several activities, including manufacturing of active pharmaceutical ingredients and dosage forms, toxicology, and bioanalytics. –Pfizer is aligning its R&D network around a few hubs: Cambridge, Mass., San Francisco, New York, LaJolla, and Cambridge, U.K. As for the new “innovation engine” at Pfizer, CEO Ian Read today told investors he would be working closely with R&D chief Mikael Dolsten to overhaul the research culture at Pfizer. The idea is to empower research units with the decision making and also hold them accountable for the outcomes. Or as he put it, give scientists a feeling of “owning the money and owning the results.” This strategy sounds a lot like one that’s been taking shape over the last two years at GlaxoSmithKline and, more recently, at AstraZeneca. One analyst asked whether the research programs falling to the ax will be spun out into biotechs. The possibility seemed real, and it again sounded a lot...

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