The End of the Plastic Bag
There is a giant hurricane threatening the entire East Coast. And the economy is in shambles, regardless of what Ben Bernanke promises to do at the Fed today. But this week I’ve been thinking about something a lot smaller – plastic shopping bags. Or more particularly, the demise of the single-use plastic shopping bag.
It seems that the minister of the environment of Italy, Stefania Prestigiacomo, imposed an outright ban on single-use, non-biodegradable plastic shopping bags, beginning on Jan.1 of this year. I learned about this because we here at C&EN were wondering what would cause a bunch of bio-based chemicals firms to want to put manufacturing plants there.
Earlier this week, Genomatica, a bio-based chemicals maker, said that it would enter a joint venture with Italian bioplastics firm Novamont. This follows a string of similar announcements that have made Italy a hotspot of bio-based chemical production. In May, compostable plastics firm Cereplast announced it would build a 100,000 ton per year facility in Assisi. In the same month DSM and Roquette said they would build a commercial-scale succinic acid plant in Cassano Spinola.
Back here in the U.S., wrangling about plastic bags is done on a local, not national, level. San Francisco – as usual – led things off with a ban in 2007.
Washington, DC, the hometown of the ACS, took a more subtle route that I believe was really based on old-fashioned moral suasion. The DC council learned the trash that made the Anacostia River such an eyesore was, inlarge part, plastic bags. Starting in early 2010, regulations were put in place requiring a 5 cent fee for plastic bags at any retail outlet selling food. The fees collected would go to help clean up the river, as would the decrease in plastic bag use.
I’m not the only one thinking about plastic bag bans this week. Over on the Greenbiz blog, Leslie Guevarra asks if these regional efforts are gaining any ground. And she points out that the media have been tracking efforts by the American Chemistry Council – the main trade group of the chemical industry – to push back against bag bans and fees.
Have bag bans or fees made their way to where you live? If so, how has that impacted your behavior and that of your neighbors? Do you think these kinds of laws work? If no rules are in place were you live, have you noticed if people have become more likely to decline a bag or bring their own bag out of awareness of environmental/litter issues?